Carpet production in India
The tradition of rug knotting developes during the Moghul dinasty (1526-1858).
The most beautiful rugs in this period were made in Lahore, the capital of Punjab; they had red, blue or light blue background and golden yellow flower patterns.
The rugs produced in this country are particularly thick and have a high number of knots, thus they are at very high definition. The finishing is, generally, quite good and the cotton foundation threads are thick and tightly plied together.
The pile is not very long, because of the very thin and high quality wool coming from the Kashmir area, sometimes mixed with New Zealand wool to produce a better quality and a softer nap.
From a technical point of view Indian rugs are very well made; they use the Persian knot at a very high density with a very thin wool yarn. Rugs in silk, altough very rare, have the highest knot density.
The knotting is made with asymmetric knots.
In the northern areas they use Kashmir wool and sometimes silk or precious materials like gold and silver.
The quality of wool makes it possible to identify the origin of an Indian rug: if it's soft and shiny it's from the North, if it's mat it's from the South.
The most famous Indian rugs are Chandigar, Agra and Mirzapur The Indian style is a beatiful more rectilinear interpretation of old curvilinear, heavily ornamented, full field designs from Iran. Indian designs are delicate, angular or geometric, with a good deal of space surrounding the motifs.
The greater space enhances the designs and adds elegante to the carpets.
Many indian rugs are made with vegetal-dyes from natural sources such as madder and indigo roots, nut husks and tree bark.